We have already set forth the Muslim belief that Muhammad is the last of the prophets, who brought forth the full and final revelation of God to humankind (see Chapter 4). The fact that the Qur’an declares itself to be God’s last word, superseding all other revelations and religions—indeed, the claim that Muhammad is a prophet of God, a belief held by one-fifth of the world’s population—commands our attention.
Muhammad’s Prophetic Claim
The Nature of a Prophet
In order to properly evaluate Muhammad’s claim to be a prophet of God, we need to review what is meant by a prophet.